B4. Waste



RECORDS OF WASTE

Fig B4.1 : Percentage of waste generated on the territory
of the Capital City of Prague, according to their origin, 2011

Source: OŽP MHMP

Prague has long been recording an increase in waste production. In 2011, however, was recorded a sharp decline in their total production, by about 30 % compared to 2010 (4.6 million tonnes in 2011, 6.6 million tonnes in 2010). The decline was caused due to a significant decline in production in the group of construction and demolition waste (approximately 2.2 million tonnes).

Of the total amount of waste production, about 36 % was utilized on the Prague territory whereas e.g. 14.3 % of which was utilized for energy, 11 % was used for ground shaping and 18.3 % was recycled. Waste disposal by landfilling in the city amounted to about 1.6 % of total waste production. Waste incineration without energy utilization is, since 2005, being managed to keep at less than one tenth percent of the total waste production.

Table B4.1 : Waste production classificated
to others and hazardous [thous. tonnes]

Waste 2005 2009 2010 2011
Total 3 535 6 144 6 795 4 715
Out of that in category Hazardous 186 136 211 109
Others 3 349 6 008 6 584 4 605

Source: 2005 - VÚV T.G.M., v.v.i. - CeHO, 2009 – 2010 – CENIA (ISOH),
2011 - OŽP MHMP


Fig B4.2 : The proportion of the total production of waste utilized and removed
on the territory of Prague (selected methods of use), 2003 - 2011

Source: OŽP MHMP


COMPLEX SYSTEM OF MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT

Quantity of municipal waste produced from citizens reached in 2011 395.9 thousand tonnes, which is about 320 kg per capita and in comparison with 2010 an increase of 2.8 %, thus a long-term trend of a slight increase continues.

The complex system of waste management in Prague is still being developed. The proportion of utilized waste exceeded in 2011 already 86 % (whereas 54 % was used for energy generation). In 2011 increasing volume of usable components of waste (paper, glass, plastic, beverage cartons and bio-waste, in total it made up about 64,9 thousand tonnes, inter-year decrease about 1.8 %) decreased slightly compared to 2010.

The collection of hazardous components of municipal waste is still provided (collecting yards, stationary collecting points of hazardous waste, mobile collection, etc.). In 2011 the number of collecting yards already increased to 15 in the City of Prague (from 13 in 2010). The number of sorted waste collection points remained the same in the sum (approximately 3,270 public collection points and as many as 1,090 directly in the premises of the Prague Historical Reserve). What has also an important position in the system is the collection of bio-waste (seasonally by using large containers, followed by a stable bio-waste collection points in Prague 10 - Malešice and collecting yards on the Prague territory) and the collection of bulky waste, also through collection points of Prague and bulk containers put into the streets in the City of Prague.

Fig B4.3 : The organisation of the mixed and sorted waste collecting by means of authorised
companies, collecting yards, and stationary collecting points for hazardous waste, 2011

Source: RVP MHMP


Fig B4.4 : Trends in the production and management of municipal waste

Source: RVP MHMP


Fig B4.5 : Trends in the amount of sorted paper, glass, plastics, beverage boxes, and biological waste [tonnes]

Source: RVP MHMP


Fig B4.6 : Trends in the mixed waste production [thous. tonnes]

Source: RVP MHMP


COSTS OF THE COMPLEX MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

The total costs of the complex municipal waste management system in 2011 amounted to about CZK 1.2 billion. The greatest part of the costs concerns mixed waste management. Amount of approximately CZK 760 million is predominantly paid by public in terms of charging the citizens for municipal waste. The City, depending upon the level of inflation and changes in VAT, pays for this service from 5 to 20 % of its own budget.

Of the remaining proportion of the costs is covered sorted collection, which includes the operation of collecting yards, sorted waste management, collection system and treatment of hazardous waste, biological waste collection projects and the costs of extra service. The costs of sorted waste collection in 2011 amounted to approximately CZK 317 million, hazardous waste CZK 12 million, operation of collecting yards around CZK 54 million and bulky waste management about CZK 51 million. Company EKO-KOM in 2011 contributed the separate waste collection with the amount of CZK 156.4 million and the Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic paid the city CZK 1,727,057 for arrangement of the collection of pharmacies.

Fig B4.7 : Trend in costs of the complex system of waste management [thous. CZK]

Source: RVP MHMP


Fig B4.8 : In 2011 installed underground containers for sorted
waste in Prague 10

Source: RVP MHMP

Fig B4.9 : Another collecting yard of the Capital City of Prague
was open in October 2011 in city district Prague - Běchovice in
Podnikatelská street

Source: RVP MHMP