C. Population and health




Population

The number of registered inhabitants in Prague has grown since 2001 again (the number of inhabitants was decreasing in the sekond half of the 1990s). The current number of inhabitants (at 31st Decmber 2011) in Prague wass 1,241,664, which was more than 15.5 thousand people fewer than in the previous year. This population is closely linked to the results of Population Census 2011 and is therefore not comparable to previous years. In past years the increase of population was due to migration and the increments especially concern persons of working age who move to Prague, especially by reason of wide range of opportunities in the labor market and among whom foreign nationals prevail. In the City in 2011, 14,002 children were born, which was slightly less than in previous years. The number of deaths has been declining on a long-term basis, i.a. in connection with the extension of average life expectancy. The average life expectancy of both men and women has been also prolonged on a long-term basis.


Fig. C1.1 : Number of inhabitants by December 31st

Note: The number of inhabitants (at 31st Decmber 2011) is linked to the results of Population Census 2011 and is therefore not comparable to previous years.

Source: ČSÚ

Fig. C1.2 : Average life expectancy

Source: ČSÚ

Fig. C1.3 : Population density in urban districts of Prague

Source: ČSÚ




Table C1.1 : Population movement

20062007200820092010 2011
Live births 12 530 13 195 14 339 14 488 14 792 14 002
Deaths 12 274 12 208 12 269 12 365 12 266 12 092
Natural increase 256 987 2 070 2 123 2 526 1 876
Natural increase per 1,000 inhabitants 0,2 0,8 1,7 1,7 2,0 1,5
Immigrants 45 061 54 811 47 194 38 094 33 461 28 291
Emigrants 38 801 31 827 28 150 24 402 27 855 22 540
Net migration increment 6 260 22 984 19 044 13 692 5 606 5 751
Net migration increment per 1,000 inhabitants 5,3 19,2 15,5 11 4,5 4,6
Total increase 6 516 23 971 21 114 15 815 8 132 7 627
Total increase per 1,000 inhabitants 5,5 20 17,2 12,7 6,5 6,2
Population density per 1 km2 2 386 2 444 2 486 2 518 2 534 2 502

Source: ČSÚ



HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT

STATISTICS OF POPULATION HEALTH

The number of births in Prague annually between 2010 and 2011 dropped slightly. Similarly, the total number of deaths per 1,000 inhabitants was slowly decreasing. Standardized mortality in Prague is for both sexes lower than the national average. Since 1990, the standardized mortality rate has been decreasing for both sexes.


Fig. C2.1 : Live births, abortions and deaths per 1,000 inhabitants (1995 - 2011)

Source: ÚZIS ČR

Fig. C2.2 : Structure of mortality
according to causes of death (2011)

Source: ÚZIS ČR


The most common group of causes of death are diseases of the circulatory system (at the head of other ischemic heart diseases and vascular brain diseases), and also neoplasms. The number of deaths from neoplasms per 100,000 inhabitants gradually decreases.

The incidence of malignant neoplasms per 100,000 inhabitants in total is slightly increasing. Carcinoma of the trachea, bronchus and lung keeps one of the first positions concerning both men and women. While the incidence at men, although it is still high, in the recent years has been rather stagnating or slightly declining. The incidence among women was growing on a long-term basis but now it is beginning to stagnate. Another important diagnosis among men is prostate cancer whose incidence per 100,000 inhabitants keeps the first position. Concerning women, it is the incidence of malignant breast neoplasm which dominates.

Fig. C2.3 : Number of reported malignant tumors and neoplasms in situ (MKN -10 dg. C00-D09)

Source: ÚZIS ČR


THE HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEM OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC POPULATION IN RELATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT

The environment is, along with nutrition, one of the largest determinants of the human health. Therefore it is inevitable to monitor health hazards and impacts of the polluted environment on the human organism. The core monitoring programme in the Czech Republic has been the Health Monitoring System of the Czech Republic Population in relation to the environment since 1994. It is carried out by the The National Institute of Public Health and the results are published annually on internet page http://www.szu.cz/publikace/monitoring-zdravi-a-zivotniho-prostredi. In Prague it included the following sections:

Monitoring the impact of air pollution on public health is in Prague carried out at 21 measuring stations. Especially the growing impact of transport and locally acting resources (e.g. solid fuel boilers in family houses) has a negative impact, as well as Central heat supply sources in housing estates.

A total of 55,501 results for drinking water quality were obtained in Prague in 2011. Of these, only 1 case was proved to breach the limits in terms of health hazard and 300 cases exceeded the limits for microbiological contamination.

The quality of bathing waters throughout the whole bathing season is in Prague monitored at a total of five natural swimming pools. The results of these inspections are listed in the table and up-to-date informatik can be found at Hygienic Station of the Capital City of Prague - www.hygpraha.cz (section Natural swimming pools).

Table C2.1 : Evaluation of water quality of Prague’s natural swimming pools

Natural swimming pool Week of the year 2011
202122232425262728293031323334
Lhotka
Šeberák
Motol
Džbán

Source: SZÚ

  Water suitable for bathing
  Water suitable for bathing with impaired sensory properties
  Deteriorated water quality
  Water non-suitable for bathing
  Water dangerous for bathing


Fig. C2.4 : Swimming pool Šeberák in Prague-Kunratice - cynobacteria has occured since the middle od June